12 varsity degrees to be redundant

by Sunday News Online | Sunday, Oct 8, 2017 | 9802 views
Godfrey Gandawa

Godfrey Gandawa

Vusumuzi Dube, Sunday News Reporter
THE Government should revamp the country’s higher education curriculum as it has emerged that at least 12 degree programmes offered by the country’s universities might be redudant in Zimbabwe by 2040 due to technology disruption.

Higher and Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development Deputy Minister Dr Godfrey Gandawa said the degree programmes that risk going under include Media and Society Studies, Political Science, Paralegal, Tourism and Hospitality Management, Psychology, Accounting, Business Administration, Marketing, Economic History, Heritage, Pharmacy and History.

He said the degrees would go under due to technology disruption. Technology disruption is one that displaces an established technology and shakes up the industry or a ground-breaking product that creates a completely new industry.

“Reasons for the redundancy include; industrialisation, STEM education, modernisation, industrial internet of things, artificial intelligence and robotics,” said Dr Gandawa.

Questioned on possible measures that can be put in place to address the challenges, Dr Gandawa said there was an urgent need to revamp the country’s higher education curriculum.

“There is a need to focus on advantages of technology innovation. Revamp the higher education curriculum to incorporate technological skills in all degree programmes, either arts or humanities. There is also a need to offer hybrid degrees that offer a diverse of careers rather than teaching programmes without specific diverse career paths,” said the Deputy Minister.

He said it was unfortunate that the country’s universities had more policy formulation degrees while there were few policy formulation jobs in the market. However, the Deputy Dean in the Faculty of Social Sciences at the Midlands State University, Dr Zvenyika Mugari said such a development was unlikely as the academia were always changing their curriculum in line with technological advancements.

“Academia are the vanguard of innovation, we do not operate in isolation as we are fully aware of what is happening around us hence we are always reviewing our curriculum to ensure that our degree programmes remain relevant. As academics we are always reinventing ourselves and our duty is to advise both the Government and practitioners on any possible innovations, not the other way around. We play an advisory role and I see it highly unlikely for these programmes to become irrelevant because it would show that we are not doing our job of ensuring that they always remain relevant regardless of technological advancements,” said Dr Mugari.

Statistics reveal that approximately 30 000 students graduate annually from the country’s universities. The Government has blasted some of the tertiary institutions arguing that they were not carrying out research that encourages innovations and instead, focusing on producing graduates who are job seekers.

In January last year, the Government introduced free education at A-level for pupils who enrolled for science subjects as part of encouraging the study of science subjects. The move was meant to promote the learning of Science Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (Stem) subjects which can equip pupils with the foundation to study in areas that can develop the country’s industries.

Developed countries have tried to deal with technology disruption in various ways. In Australia the Government introduced a range of initiatives including a National Innovation and Science Agenda (Nisa), branded as “The Ideas Boom,” a Cybersecurity Strategy and an expansion of the scope and aims of the Department of Industry, Innovation and Science. In China, the Government is transforming from an investment-intensive, export-led model of growth to one driven by consumption and innovation.

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  • Giyani Giyani


  • Zimdef

    Pay back the money, Professore Gandawa. You and Professore Butternut Head, pay back the money and resign NOW.

  • benjamin

    Just regurgitating what he read from the internet. I saw several such articles presented and debated on the internet long back. It’s not about redundancy, it’s about adapting to the wave of technology and being constantly flexible to adopt new methods and syllabuses that are consistent with the times and the technology. Courses must be reviewed far more frequently than ever.

    It’s very irresponsible minister to just come out saying things that can have a negative effect on the zeal of current students and aspirants without adequate research and consultation.

    • big

      Yahh very silly article. Business Administration and Marketing are two
      fields that will forever be of extreme importance!!! It’s all about
      using a modern approach. This so called Professor needs to get his facts


    I am actually missing the point of redudancy on all those programs-This could mislead, Technology is simplifying not substituting….Whr do u think u can have a machine reporting news and also writing stories (media).

    I dont think i am far wrong if i suppose that this was argued from a desert background and Mr gandawa was fast to conclude from the estimations from his own mind. The arguments and facts are mismatching.

  • Cde Chandunga

    I think his argument is quite misplaced. Is he insinuating that around the referred time there wont be Tourism in the country to name but a few? This is completely baseless argument.